Pulse ox screening for critical congenital heart disease

Critical congenital heart disease (CCHD), defined as heart disease requiring either surgical or catheter-based intervention in the first year of life, affects 2-3 out of every 1,000 live births. Specific defects include hypoplastic left heart syndrome, pulmonary atresia, tetralogy of Fallot, total anomalous...

What can be diagnosed with a fetal echocardiogram?

The technical term for a specialized sonogram of a baby’s heart before they are born is a fetal echocardiogram (fetal echo). This type of examination is usually performed for the first time at 20-24 weeks gestation. As is true with any test, before you have a fetal echo it is important to understand what it...

What is an EKG?

Most children who visit the cardiologist’s office will have several tests done to evaluate the heart. One test typically performed is called an EKG or an ECG, both of which stand for electrocardiogram. While most parents understand that this is a quick test that evaluates the heart, many people do not actually...

Vasovagal syncope

Your child has recently had an episode of fainting, and your pediatrician has decided that they should be evaluated by a cardiologist. While there are many causes for fainting, or syncope, one of the most important to rule out is a malfunction of the heart. Luckily, in an otherwise healthy child, heart related...